Quintet for Bb Clarinet and String Quartet
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
1st Movement (K516c ) completed by Duncan Druce
Movements 2, 3, & 4 arranged by Tony Turrill from String Quartets K589 & K464
Clarinet or Basset Clarinet in Bb, 2 Violins, Viola, Cello
click here for some excerpts
here for a complete performance
Alan Hacker wrote “ The Quintets of Mozart, Brahms and Weber and the quartets of Hummel, Crusell and VanHal are the finest works in the clarinet chamber repertoire. 30 years ago, Duncan Druce completed the Mozart Clarinet Quintet Movement, K516c, making a grand addition to the above and a wonderful opener to a quintet programme. Tony Turrill has now added three movements - arrangements from K589 and K464. These plus his Schubert Clarinet Quintet (from D664)are absolute delights and I have the same thrill playing them as with my first encounter with the Mozart and Brahms”
The first movement was completed by Mozart up to the end of the exposition and then his work inexplicably stops at the bottom of a manuscript page. We know that his other fragments were “works in progress” as they are obviously incomplete on the page. On this occasion, he either ran out of paper or ideas, was distracted to complete another work or, perhaps worst of all, finished the work and the remaining manuscript was then lost. We shall probably never know. Until the rest is discovered, if ever, Duncan’s version remains an excellent substitute - it is virtually impossible to see the join between Mozart and Druce either when listening or playing.
A recording of this completion is available on Amen Ra/Saydisc CD-SAR 17
We know from forensic examination of the original manuscripts that K589 was contemporary with the fragment K516c and therefore an obvious choice for a slow movement and minuet/trio. The existing finale of K589 did not suit the clarinet whereas K464’s from an earlier period matched the style of the fragment very well. It was therefore preferred.
As with the more well known Quintet in A, this work was clearly intended for Basset Clarinet and parts for that instrument are provided. However, while an increasing number of clarinetists possess a Basset Clarinet in A; I suspect fewer will have one in Bb therefore alternatives for the normal Bb instrument are provided in all four movements
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